Sunday, April 06, 2008

Unemployment rate, dinuduktor ng Malakanyang-DOLE

Hindi na bago ang buluk na istilo't modus operandi ng Malakanyang, ang manduktor ng datos. Sa loob ng pitong taon, ang kanyang track record, agricultural output man ito, performance rating man ito hinggil sa pagawaing bayan-inprastruktura, bilang ng turismo, peace and order, counter insurgency operation, bilang ng napapatay na mga kalaban at terorista, HUMAN RIGHT situation, poverty, malnutrition, pabahay, kuryente, patubig, edukasyon at higit sa lahat, mga bagay na may kaugnayan sa kaunlaran at ekonomiya. Kundi sinasalamangka, binabago ang framing, binabaluktut ang kahulugan, iniiba ang tunay na konsepto't pilit na pinalalabas na "maayos, UMUUNLAD, UMAASENSO, PEACEFUL, nagkakaisa, SUMASAGANA at sumasaya ang BUHAY ng mga Pinoy." Tulad na lamang ng kasalukuyang dinaranas natin sa KRISIS sa bigas at pagkain, ang karaniwang komento ng Malakanyang, "WALANG KRISIS." Ang tanong, may maniniwala naman kaya? (Photo: LGUs "JOB FAIR" www.davaotoday.com/.../04052006/fair2.jpg)

Ang mas kapani-paniwala at pinaniniwalaan ng marami, "napag-iwanan na tayo, kulelat na tayo sa lahat ng bagay sa ASIA at ito ang malungkot na ipinapakita ng mga datos ng iba't-ibang pandaigdigang ahensyang nagmamanman at nagmomonitor sa mundo, tulad ng UNDP, ADB at maraming NGOs sa Pilipinas."

Katulad na lamang sa tantos at estado ng unemployment sa bansa na inilabas at isinagawa ng Asian Development Bank, sinsabi na ang Pilipinas ang isa sa may pinakamalaking hukbo ng mga taong walang trabaho o kulang ang trabaho sa Timog-Silangang Asia.


Pero, batay naman sa datos na inilabas ng National Statistics Office (NS
O), sinasabing may siyam na milyong Pilipino ang kasalukuyang walang trabaho at kulang sa trabaho (underemployed). Ayon sa NSO, tumaas ang bilang ng unemployed sa 2.69 million noong Enero mula sa 2.26 milyon noong nakaraang Oktubre o dumami ng 7.4 porsiyento mula sa 6.3 porsiyento.

Idinugtong pa ng NSO na may kabuuang 6.37 milyon ang unemploy
ed o yaong nagtatrabaho ng kulang sa 40 oras sa loob ng isang linggo at naghahanap ng iba pang trabaho bilang sideline.
Subalit, kakaiba naman ang sinasabi ng DOLE. Hindi raw totoong dumarami ang bilang ng walang trabaho kundi kung tutuusin ay umunti pa nga kung ibabase sa mga datos ng nakaraang tatlong taon.

Ayon sa Bureau of Labor and Employment Statistics (BLESS) ng Department of Labor, ang 7.4 porsiyento ng unemployment level ay mas maliit sa 7.8 porsiyentong bilang ng jobless sa parehong panahon noong 2007.

Dagdag pa ng DOLE, “may 2.85 milyong jobless noong Enero 2007 at may kabuuang 2.83 milyon noong Enero 2006, ang dami ng walang trabaho ay mas mataas nang nakaraang mga taon kaysa ngayon. Bumaba rin ang level ng underemployment mula sa 6.7 milyon noong 2006 at 7.21 milyon noong 2007 sa 6.3 milyon sa taong ito. Dumami rin daw ang bilang ng trabaho sa 33.69 milyon mula sa 33.5 milyon noong 2007 at 32 milyon noong 2006.” (Photo: "One in Four College Grads This Year Will Be Jobless", http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.davaotoday.com/main/wp-content/04052006/fair2.jpg&imgrefurl=http://davaotoday.com/2006/04/06/lured-by-job-prospects-hundreds-troop-to-the-mall/&h=277&w=200&sz=9&hl=en&start=2&um=1&tbnid=DPzEEjsn1Y0nRM:&tbnh=114&tbnw=82&prev=/images%3Fq%3Djobless%2Bat%2Bunemployed%2BFilipinos%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26channel%3Ds%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DG

Ayon kay Maitet Diokno, isang aktibista at kasalukuyang Board member ng IPD; “ the picture generated by the official data is worrisome, even as we don't fully
accept the official definitions etc.

Because the definition of unemployed keeps being changed, and because we disagree with the official definition of unemployment, it's best to look at other things the same data is telling us. This is what the newspaper report overlooks and what the NSO won't call to our attention:

Between January 2007 and Jan 2008 the population aged 15 years and over gr
ew by 1.24 million. The labor force DID NOT GROW. (What? after spectacular 7++% GDP/GNP growth). The labor force grew by 0.003 million. In simpler
language, that's only 3 thousand. So you have 2.7M unemployed, 6.4M underemployed, and an astounding 21M women and men who are not part of the labor force at all. The 21M is a significant increase over the 19.8M in Jan 2007.

In terms of underutilized labor (not in the labor force, unemployed and underemployed) we have 30M in January 2008, more than the 29.8M in Jan 2007. What this is telling us is that the fall in unemployment and underemployment did not result to more employment but rather to zero growth in the labor force and more people staying out of the labor force than joining it.

Remember the evil one's target of generating employment of over a million year on year? Guess what job creation was in Jan 2008, from Jan 2007: a mere
150,000. Corollary to this, the ratio of the employed to the population aged 15 & over fell from 59.3% in October 2006, moved up to 59.7% in Jan2007, then fell to 59.2% in Oct 2007. Guess what it was in Jan 2008: 58.7%. I can bet this is a historical low. Damang dama mo na ba?

There are significant changes in the employed labor force in this qu
arterly survey. In October 2007, a fall in the number of employed in agriculture was registered. This January 2008, the decline was sharpest in manufacturing and in services. And there was an increase in agriculture. I wonder (no data available as of this writing to verify) if there was a shift from services/mfg to agriculture. If you lose your job in services and mfg, you go back to the province and work on whatever land you have access to? Ito ba ang nangyari in January? Is this what explains the increase in agri employment?

Lumiit din ang bilang ng wage and salary workers, lalo na iyong mga employed sa private households. Dumami ang unpaid family workers. This is consistent with the idea of wage workers being shed in services and moving to agriculture as unpaid workers.”

Para sa akin, ang lansangan at ang komunidad ang barometro at tunay na larawan kung lumalaki o lumiliit ang unemployment rate sa bansa. Bukud sa dami na ang nangungutang at libu-libong Pinoy ang kapit sa patalim na nangingibang-bayan (OFW), ang nagdudumilat na ka
totohanan paparami ang mga istambay-hubad, ang daming nakawan, krimen, lumalaking bilang ng prostitusyon at mga GANG, maagang nabubuntis-bumabad sa bahay, nagtatanong-naghanap ng rekomendasyon at mapapasukang trabaho, pinapasok ang anumang klase ng trabahong pagpapanday at higit sa lahat, ang kagila-gilalas at nakakatakot na sitwasyon sa ilalim ng mga fly-over, highway at mga avenues, mga pulubi at naglipanang street children, mga batang namamalimos, mga taong nagtutulak ng kariton convertible sa tulugan at lumalaking bilang ng mga street vendors. (Photo below: Labor Day parade www.cmaq.net/files/labor_day_Philippines.jpg and Filipino Workers Vow to Continue the ...http://quebec.indymedia.org/files/Filipino-Workers-Laban-ng-Masa-vs-GMA-Arroyo.jpg)

Masuwerte pa rin ang Malakanyang at ruling elite at nagkataong "mahina't halos nabura na sa mapa ang KILUSANG PAGGAWA, Kilusang Unyunismo, uring manggagawa't abanteng deestakamento at nagkawatak-watak ang Kilusang Kaliwa," kung nagkataon, nangangatog at wala na sila riyan sa pwesto.

Doy Cinco / IPD
April 6, 2008

Related Story: 4.2M Filipinos jobless, 10M want more work
http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/topofthehour.aspx?StoryId=112436

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